Ancient Rome was built on seven hills, and Aventine Hills is among them. It is at the southernmost of the hills and has two heights. It was named after King Aventinus, Hercules so, who people believe was buried there in the ancient days. It is of the Ripa, the twelfth rione of Rome and was one of the vital sites in the Roman mythology. In the ancient Rome, the Hill was used as a staging post and is assumed that it was a state-owned land.
Points Of interest-
Saint Sabina Basilica
The church is at the topmost part of the hill, the best place to view Rome in an aerial point. It was built during Pope Celestine`s rule, the 5th century yet it has maintained its architectural style. It is believed that, that was where the Christian saint, previously a Roman matron resided. In the church there are impressively decorated walls, and strong attractive wooden doors.
This temple goes back to the 1st century, where it was dedicated to Portunus, who was seen as a god of livestock, doors and keys. In that era, the building was considered the best preserved. It has been able to overcome destruction and was in 872AD converted into a church. It has however been renovated over the time.
Hercules Victor Temple
Built in the 2nd Century, it was previously known as Vesta`s temple due to its circular shape. Its beauty lies in the twenty columns surrounding its` chamber, all being Corinthian. On the outside, there is a park that enhances the Temple`s landscape.
Baths Of Caracalla
It was built by Emperor Caracalla, around 212 AD. The complex had a capacity to hold 1600 people at a time, and occupies 28 acres. Anyone from any social class was welcome, and it was rumored that he opened the place for political reasons. The place consisted of baths, swimming pools, shops, libraries. It is however in ruins and forms one of the biggest ruins to date.
Orange Garden Behind Saint Sabina Basilica
It got its name from planting of an orange tree in the garden by Saint Dominic. It was built in the 1932 and offers plenty of shade.
Mouth Of Truth
Mouth of truth portrays a god of water with wide eyes, an open mouth and mane hair. It is a sculpture that weighs 1300kgs. Its popularity is based on the myth that whenever a liar puts his/her hand on its mouth, they shall lose it. Moreover, its fame grew large when it was featured in the film, Roman Holiday, that was produced in Hollywood.
It is always open, every day, any time.
Pricing And Tickets:
Entry is free.